Taxonomy is a science that specifically pertains to grouping and nomenclature of organisms. It plays a crucial role in understanding biodiversity, its management and conservation. This book provides significant information to the reader about latest developments of the field as well as important concepts of taxonomy, like alpha taxonomy, beta taxonomy, microtaxonomy, macrotaxonomy, etc. It is an important tool for the students of taxonomy, biology, zoology and associated fields of study. This text will also provide various innovative topics for research which interested readers can take up further.